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Your gums are an integral part of your oral health as they surround and support your pearly whites. Did you know that gum disease, or periodontal disease, is one of the biggest causes of tooth loss in adults? This can happen because gum disease itself can be painless, so unless you are maintaining routine dental visits, you may not even be aware that you have it.

The main culprit behind gum disease is plaque, a sticky, bacterial film that forms every day on your teeth. You can remove it through daily brushing and flossing to prevent it from hardening into tartar. Once plaque hardens, it will need to be removed by dental professionals.

To treat gum disease, you will need to see our dentist as soon as possible. Early treatment can stop it in its tracks and even reverse it. In the early stages gum disease (or gingivitis), symptoms include red, swollen and bleeding gums. Treatment at this stage includes stepping up your oral hygiene routine; brushing at least twice each day and flossing at least once, followed by a professional dental cleaning.

Advanced gum disease, or periodontitis, leads to the loss of gum tissue and bone which support the teeth. Eventually, the teeth will begin to shift in the mouth. If periodontitis is not treated it you may lose teeth. Not only can you lose teeth, your bite can change so that your teeth do not fit together when you bite and chew, and even change the way partial dentures fit.

To maintain healthy gums, please come in for routine dental checkups and cleanings. Stay on top of brushing and flossing daily, and eat a healthy diet. If you have gum disease, Dr. Donal Roman offers surgical and nonsurgical treatment options, including Antibiotic Treatment, Chao Pinhole® Surgical Technique, Laser Dentistry and Pocket Irrigation.

To find out more, please call 201-843-0440 today. At Roman Dental Arts in Hackensack, New Jersey, Dr. Donald Roman and our team are here to help you maintain and restore your healthy smile!